Science Standards

Churchill: A Northern Experience Relationship to Indiana State Science Education Proficiencies

 (based on 1998 listed standards and proficiencies)

The following information is based on selected Indiana State Science Proficiencies.  This may be helpful to junior high/middle school science teachers in determining how to use this subarctic project in the classroom and/or with students.   The following proficiencies are known to be used and /or covered in some fashion in the duration of the project.   These are indicated within the ( ) by example and where to find it within this site.  Please check the related pages or links by returning back to this sites' Opening Page.

(Please understand this is a thumbnail sketch of some of those proficiencies.  You can check them in more detail by going to the State Web Site that will be linked at the bottom of this page).

1.1  Values and Attitudes
    keeping records which are clear, honest, accurate  (the use of this entire web site and its documentation)

1.2  Computation and Estimation
    distances and travel time estimations  (check flight times, distances on Canada and US maps)

1.3  Manipulation and Observation
    using computers to store information and retrieve it  (how this entire site is set up)
    using cameras and tapes to capture information  (how photos are posted on this site and video to be brought back)

1.4  Communication Skills
    location of information in reference books and other sources  (use the suggested and required reading pages on this site)
    find locations on maps using coordinates  (use of maps)

2.1 Scientific World View
    modification of science information as challenges appear  (unpredictable as to what will take place)
    repeat situations, then make decisions  (repeated observations of people and organisms listed in Daily Journal and photos)

2.2    Scientific Inquiry
    look at different phenomena  (migration of bears, life of the people, Aurora Borealis, freezing of the bay mentioned in project background and opening page and daily journal and related links)
2.3 Scientific Enterprise
    scientists used in various ways (see what this researcher is doing with the experts on Arctic and Polar Bears found in daily journal notes and related links)

2.4    Technology and Science
    technology is essential to science (see what this researcher finds out about modern technology and equipment in daily journal, photos, and related links)

2.6    Issues in Technology
    human ability to shape the future (how these people survive this climate; the recent addition of Internet makes this project possible out of Churchill; take a look at opening page, daily journal, origin of project, and related links)
    influence of technology on history (similar to above)

3.2    The Earth
    benefits of the earth's resources (conservation programs that Parks Canada; Manitoba Dept. of Natural Resources; and town of Churchill have in place found in daily journal, photos and related links)

3.3    Processes that Shape the Earth
    human activities reducing ground cover, chemicals released into the surrounding areas, farming (a look at reports and conversations with experts in this area found in daily journal and related links)

3.4     Structure of Matter
    temperature and acidity of solutions influence reaction rates (studying weather/air/water temperatures and fast the Hudson Bay freezes using the daily journal and related links)

3.5     Energy Transformations
    heat can be transferred through materials (looking at how the native people/residents stay warm; how this researcher stays warm using the daily journal and photos and related links sites)
    energy appears in different forms (study of the northern lights and how they occur using daily journal and related sites)

3.6     Motion
    reflection and wavelengths can give a different mix of colors (the day lengths and ice formations will allow some of these to be seen using daily photos and related sites)

3.7    Forces of Nature
    gravitational forces on objects presented by the soon and the moon (looking at tides-the highs and lows-on Hudson Bay using the daily journal, photos, and related sites)
    electric currents and magnetic forces upon each other (studying the Aurora Borealis, and magnetic north can be seen on daily journal, photos and related sites)

4.0    Diversity of Life
    animals and plants with different body plans, and their abilities to find/manufacture food (the main function of this entire site, with careful attention paid to polar bears, arctic willows and other species all found on each page including the daily journal, photos, origins, etc.)
    global interconnection of the food web (similar to above)

4.4    Interdependence of Life
    all environments have organisms with similar needs and may compete with one another for all things necessary to survive (this site is set up to illustrate to the fullest potential allowable using photos, daily journal, related links, opening pages and origins, required readings and suggested readings pages)

4.5    Flow of Matter and Energy
    food provides the fuel and the building material for all organisms (as the bears are on their quest for food and waiting for the ice to form, they become restless and indicate the desire for food as illustrated in daily journal, photos, related links, etc.)

4.6    Evolution of Life
    individual organisms with certain traits are more likely to survive than others and adapt to environmental conditions (the bears with their special markings and adaptations, natural selection; the people in how they survive the cold can be illustrated with the use the daily journals, photos, related sites, suggested readings, required readings sections)

5.4    Learning
    language and tools enable human beings to learn complicated and things from each other (studying the merging-in the school; the church; the community- of First Nation and European cultures will allow this view to take place, using daily journal, related links, daily photos, origins of the project pages)

5.5    Physical Health
    certain toxic substances, diet, behavior may be bad for one's health (data collected from the health centre in Churchill will allow this information to be included in the daily journal or related links sites)

6.1    Agriculture
    in agriculture as in all technologies, there are always trade-offs to be made; food must be gotten in a variety of ways (discussions with vendors, watching the trains and planes enter the area with supplies will help in posting information on the daily journal and photo pages)

6.2    Materials and Manufacturing
    manufacturing involves a series of steps and materials to make an end product (visiting the Dene village nearby Churchill will allow the researcher to see firsthand hope certain items, such as soapstone, are carved and then reported back to the daily journal and photo pages)

6.3    Energy Sources and Use
    electrical energy can be produced from a variety of sources (observations of hydro areas from the plane and conversations and other observations will be made on the daily photos and journals sites)

6.4    Communication
    many types of media can be used in the transmission of information and the use of the medium for transmission is also of interest (seeing the phone and telegraph lines, visits to the satellite rocket range and other areas will be recorded on the daily journal and photo pages and related links)

7.5    Reasoning
    practical reasoning, such as diagnosing or troubleshooting almost anything may require many steps, branching logic (even with this web site, both the researcher and the user may find they have to troubleshoot it to make it work.  At the time of authoring this, certain variables cannot be anticipated in the arctic area with this equipment)

8.1    Displacing the Earth from the Center of the Universe
    telescopes reveal that there are several stars in the night sky than are evident to the unaided eye (providing cooperation from the weather, the researcher may be able to make his own observations and have discussions with authorities at the Aurora research facility and at the Northern Studies Centre and then post those findings in daily journal or photos)

9.1     Systems
    a system can include processes as well as things; how all parts relate to each other (visiting the subarctic ecosystem of the tundra/taiga area near Churchill, the researcher can understand how the parts do fit together and how each is dependent on the other and in turn this information can be presented on the various pages of this site including daily photos, journal, origin, opening page, and related links)

9.3    Constancy and Change
    things that change in cycles, such as seasons, can be described by the cycle or length or frequency, and when they occur (annually the polar bear goes through this migratory cycle via the town of Churchill, Manitoba.  The researcher has witnessed this before and will again during this project and information will be posted on these sites of opening page, daily journal, project origin, photos, related links)
The above numbers, titles, and subpoints were taken directly from The Indiana Science Proficiency Guide, Indiana Department of Education.  Published in August 1997 by IDOE, authored by (former) State Science Coordinator, Kevin Beardmore.
Dr. Suellen Reed, Superintendent of Public Instruction for the State of Indiana.